I'm a graduate of animal and veterinary biosciences and am now undertaking my doctor of veterinary medicine masters degree at the university of melbourne.
This blog is a record of my experiences while studying for my dream job. every all nighter, every caffeine fuelled early morning and every exciting adventure.
If you'd like to know more follow the link at the top.
Up there you'll also find links to my personal blog, and my amazing and inspirational animals.
If you're a veterinary blog i'd love you to message me so i can follow you :)
We see a lot of greyhounds in my clinic… They are pretty much not dogs… Nothing is the same with a grey. They can be in perfect health one day, and dying of liver failure the next. Its incredibly hard working with them medical wise.
But love them I do! <3
They are very fragile and sensitive dogs, with hearts of pure gold and legs like a kangaroo. The 4 we have here are just a delight
1. Cancer cells don’t age.
Normal cells go through senescence through shortening of telomeres with every cell division. Cancer cells however have telomerase that will sustain the telomere length of the chromosomes rendering the cell virtually immortal.
2. Cancer cells have a way around apoptosis, their programmed cell death.
They overexpress antiapoptotic molecules and can multiply forever.
3. The Grim Reaper can’t recognize them.
The Natural killer cells, or the Grim Reaper; are supposed to cause death of the tumor cells. However, cancer cells remain undetected because they down regulate their MHC proteins or use decoy proteins to look innocent.
4. If recognized, the Grim Reaper can’t kill them.
Tumor cells block the death receptor pathway and directly interfere with the perforin/granzyme pathway. That is why, natural killer cells fail to kill them.
5. Cancer cells don’t need anything.
Cancer cells are self sufficient on growth factors. This means that they can continue to proliferate and divide independently, as opposed to normal cells that need external growth factors.
6. And if they do need something, they order it to come to them.
When cancer cells need of oxygen and nutrients, they stimulate angiogenesis; which is inducing growth of new blood vessels.
7. They have metabolic super powers.
The metabolism of malignant cells is usually more anaerobic than that of normal cells and is greatly accelerated. Malignant cells have the ability to withstand hypoxic conditions. They have increased glucose and amino acid uptake. In addition, they have high levels of hexokinase increasing their glucose utilization.
Note the differences in the positioning and preparation :)
Symptoms of bloat include:
- hard, swollen abdomen that may make a hollow sound if tapped
- retching that produces no vomit OR produces foamy, white vomit
- drooling/salivating excessively
- stiff-legged walk
If your dog shows signs of having bloat, call your vet IMMEDIATELY. Every second counts. Bloat is extremely painful and without quick veterinary intervention your dog will probably not survive.
Check out this video of an akita in the middle to late stages of bloat.
Check out this article on what bloat is, the varieties of bloat, its symptoms, and the typical treatment plans.
The best predictor of a dog’s chances of getting bloat are its relatives. If your dogs family has had bloat, your dog is at an increased risk. Other risk factors include:
- deep, narrow chested dogs
- feeding to soon before or after exercising
- raised feeding bowls
- gulping food/eating too quickly
- eating one or two large meals per day
- dry food diet
(Source: Edgar’s Mission)
This GIF shows how the toucan releases heat using its beak to cool itself off.
The toucan beak isn’t just beautiful, it’s also an adjustable thermal radiator that the bird uses to warm and cool itself. When the bird is hot, the blood vessels in their beak open up to allow more circulation to enable heat to escape. Birds can’t sweat so they have to come up with some life hacks to get the job done. [video]
This is absolutely fascinating. It seems so obvious that the beak would be a good way to radiate heat out, but I’d never even thought of that.
That is awesome!
Urogenital system of the Blue-fronted Amazon 作者 AnkatsArt
These Illustrations are part of a project about the arteficial insemination of birds. For this project I illustrated the birds themselves, their skeletons, their urogenitalsystems and the process of the arteficial insemination executed by a team of veterinarians. I used the Blue-fronted Amazon as an example because it is a common pet parrot. But the new method of arteficial insemination was especially developed for very rare species like the Spix’s Macaw. Nonetheless the method can be adapted to a lot of other birds.
Heart surgeon after 23-hour (successful) long heart transplantation. His assistant is sleeping in the corner
Over the summer I came across this beautiful guy. Unfortunately he was well and truly dead when I found him with quite a bit of blood around his mouth and wounds to the top part of his body. It was a fantastic opportunity for a necropsy. The main finding were hemorrhage into the upper body cavity with lacerations and blood clots within the lungs, as well as bruising in the muscles and rib fractures covering these areas. It was obvious some major trauma was the cause of death.
I’ve included some photos and an anatomic picture for you all. As this was a very venomous type of snake I kept well away from the head but the picture include kidneys, liver, opened lung and the heart.
Snakes have three chambered hearts and different lung anatomy to mammals and no bladder just to name a few anatomical differences.